what is consideration in law

Consideration is the price that is asked by the promisor in exchange for their promise – the price for a promise. It comes into existence when a party makes an offer to another party and that the other party accepts it. Consideration in Contract – Meaning, Need, Kinds. Having said that, consideration must meet other requirements. The doctrine of consideration has probably been regarded as one of the most controversial issues in the English Law of contract. ‘Consideration’ is the price given in exchange for goods or services under a contract, or a promise to do (or not to do) something in return.The price is usually money – but can be anything that has value. Consideration: “Something which is given and taken. 4. In order for any agreement to be deemed legally binding, it must include consideration on the part of every person or company that enters the contract. For example. Never the less it plays a very central role in English Law. Consideration need not be adequate. Consideration substitutes. An agreement without consideration subject to certain exception is void. Nominal consideration law. The consideration must be an exchange for the bargain in question; past consideration is no good. From a contract law perspective, the moment there is a consideration (nominal, good or bad), you have a valid and legally binding contract. Visit https://TheBusinessProfessor.com/home for Ch. All that is required is some sort of economic value. Consideration in contract law is simply the exchange of one thing of value for another. http://thebusinessprofessor.com/what-is-consideration/ What is Consideration in a Contract? You’ll need to show that you’ve provided consideration if you want to enforce the contract. To understand the term consideration in contract law, first of all, the two terms should be made clear: Contract. Consideration can be currency or property, but it can also be a promise to either do or refrain from doing a legal act. Something bargained for and received by a promisor from a promisee.. Common types of consideration include real or personal property, a return promise, some act, or a forbearance.. ”Section 2 (d) of the Contact Act 1872 defines contract as “When at the desire of the promissory, the promise or any other person has done or abstained from doing or does or abstains from doing or promise to do or abstain from doing. The court in Currie v Misa declared consideration to be a “Right, Interest, Profit, Benefit, or Forbearance, Detriment, Loss, Responsibility”. consideration an exchange of promises by which each party makes a gain and suffers a detriment. Consideration in contract law must move from the promisee. Usually, an amount of monetary value is … Consideration is a concept of English common law and is a necessity for simple contracts but not for special contracts (contracts by deed).The concept has been adopted by other common law jurisdictions. Also, for a valid contract to happen there should be a consideration. Consideration is the value bargained for by the parties, and most decisions indicate there is no reason to inquire into a party's motivation for giving another party an incredible deal. Consideration explains appropriate measure of relief when promise is not fulfilled. For a consideration to happen there should be a valid contract. Under classical contract theory, consideration is required for a contract to be enforceable. The technical requirement is either a detriment incurred by the person making the promise or a benefit received by the other person. A contract is not void merely became of the fact that the consideration is inadequate. Discuss the role of consideration in English law and assess whether it is ‘unnecessary’. Having a double aspect of benefit to the promisor and a detriment to the promise, it has to be really understood in the sense of some detriment as envisaged by English Law. consideration. 3. Why are you choosing to enter into this contract? Consideration must be sufficient but need not be adequate. Consideration or a valid substitute is required to have a contract. Without consideration, a contract cannot be enforced or is otherwise voidable (with only a very few exceptions). Consideration law refers to the laws that pertain to the reason why an individual or party is choosing to enter into a contract. a rent of £1 per annum, a peppercorn rent, would be sufficient consideration for the grant of a lease on premises worth thousands, providing, of course, the transaction was entered into freely. In the absence of consideration, a promise is purely gratuitous and creates no legal obligation. In this article, you will find what you need to know about consideration in contract law and why it is a crucial part of every business contract. Under basic principles of contract law, consideration is the answer to the question, "Why are you entering this contract?" A Consideration is where anything of value is promised to another person when making a trade, and continuing to make a contract. In contract law, it is said that "consideration must move from the promisee". Introduction. If consideration is too vague, useless or meaningless, then it has no value in the eyes of the law. executed and executory, while the past consideration is not regarded as consideration, but Indian law … Elements of consideration in business law include items of value offered by each party of a contract to the other. Business Law and Contracts: What is Consideration? 2) a vital element in the law of contracts, consideration is a benefit which must be bargained for between the parties, … Consideration Law . Under Maryland Commercial Law Article, Section 3-303(b), consideration is defined as any consideration sufficient to support a simple contract. What is good and valuable consideration? Consideration. In many jurisdictions consideration is not an essential element of a contract – it is sufficient that parties have reached a binding agreement. or "What are you receiving for being a party to this contract?" It has legal dimensions. On one side of the divide, it has been argued that any act or promise accepted by a party to a contract as the price for his own act or promise constitutes valid consideration. Maryland Law on Contract Consideration. Sometimes the law will permit enforcement of a contract even though one side or the other did not give consideration, if there was an allowed consideration substitute. In English Law past consideration is no consideration. The most common one is detrimental reliance, in which one person promises to do a thing gratuitously and another worsens his or her position in reliance on that promise. (Modern contract theory has also permitted remedies on alternate theories such as promissory estoppel). Author Name: aditya.ashu Importance of Consideration in Contract. In this video we discuss consideration, one of the elements of a contract (along with offer and acceptance). So, it can be inferred that both the terms are complementary to each other. Consideration embodies ideals of reciprocity, quid pro quo and thereby fairness. Meaning, the benefit or detriment must be legally sufficient. What is consideration? Consideration is a central concept in the common law of contracts. Good and valuable consideration. White v Bluett. Consideration in Contract Law – What Does “Consideration” Mean? Consideration: is an essential element to make a contract; must be provided for a contract to be legally binding. A deed is basically a contract, and to make the contract valid, an exchange of something of value needs to occur. The special word “consideration” in contract law refers to something that has value in the eyes of the law. Further, consideration must be a complete bargain as English law does not enforce gifts. Like many states, Maryland courts will not get bogged down in how valuable the consideration was or whether the deal is fair. Note: As per English Law, there are only two kinds of consideration, i.e. Consideration. Consideration is legally connected with many different kinds of contracts. Consideration under contract law is defined as a bargained for exchange of value between parties of a contract. Consideration must not be unlawful, immoral or opposed to public policy. The exchange of value is interpreted broadly to not only include money, but property, a promise, doing something, or even not doing something. It is essential for determining level of damages/compensation when due performance of promise fails to occur. Further, if consideration for a present promise is provided earlier to the date of promise, it is regarded as past consideration. Consideration, in contract law, an inducement given to enter into a contract that is sufficient to render the promise enforceable in the courts. Consideration is needed when drafting deeds transferring property. Consideration in business law is nothing different from consideration in a contract. A contract, in the simplest form, is a term used for agreement between two or more parties. The first thing you need to know about consideration is that contracts in the U.S. are not legally binding unless there is consideration. Introduction. To determine the validity of the contract, the courts will generally not look at the adequacy of the consideration to the parties to conclude whether a contract was legally formed or not. Consideration maybe executory where a promise is given for a promise or it may be executed where an act or forbearance is given for a promise. Consideration in contract law What is consideration in contract law? Consideration is an essential element of a contract. Example : A lost his Bicycle, he makes an offer of the reward of Rs. (2) Present consideration: Present consideration is one in which one of the parties to the contract has performed his part of the promise, which Constitutes the consideration for the promise by the other side it is known as present consideration. A third party providing consideration is not enough. The term consideration is used in the sense of quid proquo (Something in return). The requirement for there to be consideration before there will be a legally binding contract in English law emphasizes the theory held by many legal commentators and theorists that contract is based upon a bargain - something for something else. This exchange of something of value is called “consideration.” So what does “something of value” mean? WHAT IS CONSIDERATION IN ANGLO-AMERICAN LAW 247 and seal. Consideration Guidelines. It constituted a simple debt, and was enforced by the action of debt. Under the laws of contracts, consideration should answer two main questions: What is offered in exchange for entering into this contract? The law enforces only those promises that are made for consideration. n. 1) payment or money. What is consideration? Where consideration is recognised by the law as having some value, it is described as real or sufficient consideration. The promisor has the power to take action or forbearance on a specific element of consideration. Consideration is not required in contracts made in civil law systems and many common law states have adopted laws which remove consideration as a prerequisite of a valid contract. Legal scholars have given this issue much thought. The law simply requires that contract should be supported by consideration. To create a legally enforceable contract, consideration must be present. Determining level of damages/compensation when due performance of promise fails to occur as per English law not! 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